Thursday, June 16, 2011

Wicca 101: Types of Wicca

Every so often, it is important to look back to the basics.  Since I have yet to discuss types of Wicca on this blog, I figured it was high time I did so.  So grab a drink, kick back and rediscover the basics of Wicca with me.

There are several different types of Wiccan Traditions (Wiccans use the word tradition as opposed to denomination).  Some types of Traditions are very secretive and are unknown to the general public.  This compliation may not be complete.

The "Oldest" Traditions
Gardnerian Wicca - founded by Gerald B Gardner: Gardner is known as the father of modern Wicca/Witchcraft as this was the first tradition to step out publically.  This tradition requires initiation and works with a degree system.  Much of their information is oathbound, and cannot be shared with anyone outside of their path.  There is much debate in the Wiccan community as to whether this is the only "true" Wiccan path.  This system places an emphasis on the Goddess/female over the God/male.

Alexandrian Wicca - founded by Alex Sanders: Although heavily influenced by Gardnerian Wicca, Alexandrian Wicca focuses on the equality between the Goddess and God and has a heavy emphasis on cerimonial magick during Esbats and Sabbats.  These covens also use initiation and a degree system.

Seax Wicca - founded by Raymond Buckland: Although this sect has a Saxon basis, it is a Tradition of Wicca.  The main difference with this Tradition is that it has open public rituals (many of which are published).  This path does not require initiation into a lineage group - members can self-decicate themselves into this tradition.  This path allows for both covens and solitary practices.  Priests and Priestesses are encouraged to add to or modify the rituals and practices of the tradition as they see fit as there is no one set of regulations for this tradition.  Seax Wicca deals mainly with Germanic Deitiess and Runes for divination.

Other Wiccan Traditions:
Dianic Wicca: This Tradition was born from the Feminist Movement and although it appears to contain a variety of aspects of other traditions, it focuses solely on the Goddess and all things feminine.  This tradition became known as a "lesbian" group, but Dianic Wicca is meant for all women regardless of sexual orientation; it also now allows for mixed covens, female covens, and solo practitioners  This Tradition honours the Sabbats although there may not be a lot of continuity in rituals.  It incourages female leadership and insists that a Preistess be present to open a circle.

Blue Star Witchcraft:  Although modeled from Gardnerian Traditions, these members reject the term Wicca and refer to Witchcraft and Witches only.  This Tradition also uses initiation and a degree system, however, unlike other 3 degree systems, Blue Star Witchcraft uses a 5 level system.

Georgian Wicca: This is a very eclectic form of Wicca.  It incorporates both Gardnerian and Alexandrian Traditions.  Although it is a God and Goddess system, it leans strongly toward the Goddess.  Members are encouraged to learn and study through all resourses available.
British Traditional Wicca:  This is a term used mainly by Americans to describe various British Traditions (Gardnerian and Alexandrian may fall under this category).  It is believed that BTW predates other Wiccan Traditions.  British Traditional Wiccans must be initiated by a lineaged member and must maintain a certain level of training and practices.  It should be noted that this tradition is not solely found in Britian.

Celtic Wicca:  This path combines Druid and Gardnerian Wicca.  There is a large emphasis on the elements, nature and the Ancient Ones.

Eclectic Wicca:  This is often referred to Neowiccan Tradition (please note - this is not a derogatory or insulting term, it simply refers to one who practices a newer form of Wicca).  This is a combination of several types of traditions to form a new tradition.  Eclectic Wiccans can be either solitary or part of a coven.

As mentioned before, this is not a complete list as the types of Wiccan Traditions is so vast, but hopefully it is enough for you to figure out what type of Wicca you belong to.

12 Thoughts:

  1. the only one of these I've ever heard of is Celtic - it didn't even cross my mind that these "type" of Wiccas existed - when I think about types of witches I think things like "kitchen," "garden," "blood," "natural," ect ect

  2. I've just became fully aware of the Wiccan religion. I AM young, but very mature for my age. I have begun my own personal religious journey, and i feel that Wicca is exactly who i am inside. I am not interested in the Witchcraft though that is fascinating i am more interested in the spiritual connection between me and the God and Goddess. However, i have grown up in a Spanish Catholic family and i need guidense. There is no other Wiccan to help and guide me. Please, your help would be great.

  3. Merry meet Taylor! Please feel free to email me at any time...

  4. Hello, my name is Ashely. I'm 23 years old and in the U.S Navy. Wicca in its entirety has fascinated me for a long time and I like Ms. Taylor am looking for my own Spiritual Journey. I would like to practice Magick but I don't care to have it consume my lifestyle. i have a journal started to keep my thoughts in and to jot down anything i find that interests me. I don't have any idea where to begin and i'd like inputs... please help.

  5. Hi, I'm 16 and wish to know more about Wicca. It has fascinated me for a very long time, since my family taught me it was evil but I do not believe this to be so. So I was curious

  6. Kinda the same problems as Taylor above. I've done a good amount of research but it can be quite confusing! I have wanted to get into it since middle school but my parents shut that down very fast (they're Christian). I know I want to use all 5 elements though (it seems like spirit gets left out a lot). Please help!

  7. Thank you for this site. I'm a researching Wiccan a lot for no other religion fits me that i see. Q- why so many?
    Q- how do you tell witch one fits you?

  8. Blessing Amanda... it is similar to other religions that have various branches, for example Christianity has many demoninations -- Catholics, Orthodox, Lutherans, Anglicans or Baptists, Fundamentalist Christianity, Pietism, Evangelicalism, Pentecostalism...

    Personally, I am an Eclectic Wiccan. I practice a bit of each...

  9. Excellent site! And a very brief informative article for beginners! Thanks for posting )0(

  10. Merry Meet! My name is Dakota.
    I just recently decided that Wicca was the path for me, and I have a lot to learn. I grew up in an agnostic household, but I am currently living in a very Christian house, and my stepmother refuses to allow me to practice in the house. Do you have any advice for me? It would be greatly appreciated.
    Blessed Be

  11. Merry Meet!
    I am in much the same boat as Ms. Taylor. I grew up agnostic, but I am currently living with my very christian father and step mother. I don't really know much, as I just dedicated myself to this path, but I am more than willing to learn. I am unable to practice, as my parents believe that Wicca will bring something negative into their home. I was wondering if you had any advice?
    Blessed Be